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0与1构筑世界,程序员创造时代

软件架构设计 Java编程

 
 
 

日志

 
 

安装logstash+kibana+elasticsearch+redis搭建集中式日志分析平台  

2014-01-16 19:40:57|  分类: logstash |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本文是参考logstash官方文档实践的笔记,搭建环境和所需组件如下:

  • Redhat 5.7 64bit / CentOS 5.x
  • JDK 1.6.0_45
  • logstash 1.3.2 (内带kibana)
  • elasticsearch 0.90.10
  • redis 2.8.4

搭建的集中式日志分析平台流程如下: 

安装logstash+kibana+elasticsearch+redis搭建日志分析平台 - 傲风 - 0与1构筑世界,程序员创造时代

 

elasticsearch

1、下载elasticsearch。

wget https://download.elasticsearch.org/elasticsearch/elasticsearch/elasticsearch-0.90.10.tar.gz

2、解压后,进入bin目录。执行如下命令,让elasticsearch以前台方式启动:

./elasticsearch -f
[2014-01-16 16:21:31,825][INFO ][node                     ] [Saint Elmo] version[0.90.10], pid[32269], build[0a5781f/2014-01-10T10:18:37Z]
[2014-01-16 16:21:31,826][INFO ][node                     ] [Saint Elmo] initializing ...
[2014-01-16 16:21:31,836][INFO ][plugins                  ] [Saint Elmo] loaded [], sites []
[2014-01-16 16:21:35,425][INFO ][node                     ] [Saint Elmo] initialized
[2014-01-16 16:21:35,425][INFO ][node                     ] [Saint Elmo] starting ...
[2014-01-16 16:21:35,578][INFO ][transport                ] [Saint Elmo] bound_address {inet[/0.0.0.0:9300]}, publish_address {inet[/10.0.2.15:9300]}

Redis

1、其安装方式可以参考我的另一篇文章Redis编译安装

2、进入其bin目录,执行如下命令,使之在控制台输出debug信息:

./redis-server --loglevel verbose
[32470] 16 Jan 16:45:57.330 * The server is now ready to accept connections on port 6379
[32470] 16 Jan 16:45:57.330 - 0 clients connected (0 slaves), 283536 bytes in use

logstash日志生成器(shipper)

1、新建一个配置文件:shipper.conf,其内容如下:

input {
    stdin {
        type => "example"
    }
}

output {
    stdout {
        codec => rubydebug
    }
    redis {
        host => "127.0.0.1"
        port => 6379
        data_type => "list"
        key => "logstash"
    }
}

2、启动shipper。执行如下命令:

java -jar logstash-1.3.2-flatjar.jar agent -f shipper.conf 

终端窗口将出现如下提示信息:

Using milestone 2 output plugin 'redis'. This plugin should be stable, but if you see strange behavior, please let us know! For more information on plugin milestones, see http://logstash.net/docs/1.3.2/plugin-milestones {:level=>:warn}

然后在终端窗口直接按回车,将出现如下信息:

{
       "message" => "",
      "@version" => "1",
    "@timestamp" => "2014-01-16T08:15:19.400Z",
          "type" => "example",
          "host" => "redhat"
}

这个json信息将发送给redis, 同时redis的终端窗口将出现类似下面的提示信息:

[32470] 16 Jan 17:09:23.604 - Accepted 127.0.0.1:44640
[32470] 16 Jan 17:09:27.127 - DB 0: 1 keys (0 volatile) in 4 slots HT.
[32470] 16 Jan 17:09:27.127 - 1 clients connected (0 slaves), 304752 bytes in use

logstash日志索引器(indexer)

1、新建一个配置文件:indexer.conf,其内容如下:

input {
  redis {
    host => "127.0.0.1"
    # these settings should match the output of the agent
    data_type => "list"
    key => "logstash"

    # We use the 'json' codec here because we expect to read
    # json events from redis.
    codec => json
  }
}

output {
  stdout { debug => true debug_format => "json"}

  elasticsearch {
    host => "127.0.0.1"
  }
}

2、启动日志索引器。执行如下命令:

java -jar logstash-1.3.2-flatjar.jar agent -f indexer.conf 

终端窗口将出现如下提示信息:

Using milestone 2 input plugin 'redis'. This plugin should be stable, but if you see strange behavior, please let us know! For more information on plugin milestones, see http://logstash.net/docs/1.3.2/plugin-milestones {:level=>:warn}
You are using a deprecated config setting "debug_format" set in stdout. Deprecated settings will continue to work, but are scheduled for removal from logstash in the future.  If you have any questions about this, please visit the #logstash channel on freenode irc. {:name=>"debug_format", :plugin=>, :level=>:warn}

索引器从Redis接收到信息,在终端窗口会显示类似如下的信息:

{"message":"","@version":"1","@timestamp":"2014-01-16T17:10:03.831+08:00","type":"example","host":"redhat"}{"message":"","@version":"1","@timestamp":"2014-01-16T17:13:20.545+08:00","type":"example","host":"redhat"}{

logstash WEB界面(kibana)

1、启动kibana。执行如下命令:

java -jar logstash-1.3.2-flatjar.jar web

2、打开浏览器(须支持HTML5),输入地址:http://127.0.0.1:9292/index.html#/dashboard/file/logstash.json。界面效果如下: 

安装logstash+kibana+elasticsearch+redis搭建日志分析平台 - 傲风 - 0与1构筑世界,程序员创造时代
 

参考资料


<正文结束>

文章声明


作者:傲风(aofengblog@163.com)       编写时间:2014年01月16日

网址:http://aofengblog.blog.163.com

作者保留所有权利,转载请保留文章全部内容或者说明原作者和转载地址!

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